Musical Symbols

Musical
Symbol

Meaning

Musical staff showing the five lines and four spaces between them
 
The staff is the name for the basic lattice used for musical notation. It is the lattice on which symbols are placed. The staff consists of five lines and four intervening spaces. These correspond to the pitches of the diatonic scale.
 
Musical staff with ledger lines above and below the main musical staff
 
Ledger or leger lines are used to extend the staff to pitches that fall above or below it. It common to see a line above or below and occasionally more than one may be used at a time. Such ledger lines are placed behind the note heads, and extend a small distance to each side.
 
Musical staff with bar line showing when the beats should occur and thus organising the timing for the music
 
On this diagram the bar line is shown. This musical symbol is used to separate measures and it is also used for changes in time signature. Bar lines are extended to connect multiple staves in certain types of music, such as keyboard, harp, and conductor scores, but are omitted for other types of music, such as vocal scores.
 
Musical staff with a double bar line showing when the beats should occur and thus organising the timing for the music
 
The double bar line is used to separate two sections of music. Alternatively it is placed before a change in key signature.
 
Musical staff with a bold double bar line indicating the end of a section or a complete work.
 
Bold double bar line is used to to indicate the conclusion of a section. Typically this may be a movement of piece or even the complete end.
 
Musical crotchet note - showing the two notations for use in the upper and lower portiosnof the staff.
 
The musical crotchet in its two forms for use in the lower and upper portions of the staff. The crotchet is a quarter note.
 
Musical quaver note - an eigth note.
 
A quaver note. This is an eighth note in length. For notes using the flag on the tail, the note has the same number of flags as the rest has branches.
 
Musical quaver note - an eigth note.
 
A semihemidemisemiquaver note. This is an hundred twenty-eighth note in length.
 
Musical minim note - a half note.
 
A minim note. This is a half note in length.
 
Musical beamed note - connecting two notes together.
 
A beamed note.
 
Musical dotted note - extending the length of a musical note.
 
A dotted note.
 
The musical notation for a crescendo indicating a steady increase in volume over the period of the notes under which the sign is present.
 
Notation for a crescendo: a gradual increase in volume. This mark may extend under several notes indicating a steady increase in volume during these notes.
 
The musical notation for a diminuendo indicating a steady dencrease in volume over the period of the notes under which the sign is present.
 
Diminuendo also referred to as a decrescendo. This sign indicates a gradual decrease in volume and can be extended over several notes in the same manner as crescendo.
 
The musical notation for a flat note.
 
The sign before the note indicates that it is flat.
 

 

 

 

 








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